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Working Memory • Flexibility within Working Memory and the Focus of Attention
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Flexibility within Working Memory and the Focus of Attention

Posted: Wed Apr 23, 2014 6:33 pm
by sandry
Title: Flexibility within Working Memory and the Focus of Attention for Sequential Verbal Information Does Not Depend on Active Maintenance

Journal: Memory & Cognition

Authors: Joshua Sandry, Jeremy D. Schwark, Justin MacDonald

Abstract: The focus of attention seems to be a static element within working memory when verbal information is serially presented unless additional time is available for processing or active maintenance. Experiment 1 manipulated the reward associated with early and medial list positions in a probe-recognition paradigm and found evidence that these non-terminal list positions could be retrieved faster and more accurately if participants were appropriately motivated - without additional time for processing or active maintenance. Experiment 2 used articulatory suppression and demonstrates that the underlying maintenance mechanism cannot be attributed to rehearsal, leaving attentional refreshing as the more likely mechanism. These findings suggest that the focus of attention within working memory can flexibly maintain non-terminal early and medial list representations at the expense of other list representations even when there is not additional time for processing or active maintenance. Maintenance seems to be accomplished through an attentional refreshing mechanism.

Keywords: Working memory; Attention; Focus of Attention; Maintenance; Rehearsal; Refreshing